5.50 x 16
Further on forward on the left-hand side is a dipstick for the oil tank, being a two-stroke engine separate lubrication is provided for the bearings and the piston, adjacent to the oil filler cap (Lubrificante) and to the right is the filler cap for the petrol tank (Benzine). This tractor is equipped with cold starting facilities which can be used instead of pre-heating the hot bulb by starting on petrol with a spark produced by a coil and a buzzer. This makes and breaks the circuit several times a second and every time this happens it creates a spark at the sparking plug. Once started on petrol and the engine is sufficiently warm, it can be then switched over to whatever fuel is in the main tank; this could be diesel or kerosene or any liquid that burns and is easily vaporised as these are multi-fuel engines. Of course, for this to work every time, before stopping the engine, the fuel has to be changed back to petrol akin to running a TVO engine.
From the pictures of the engine it can be seen that the usual facilities on a hot bulb engine are there, fuel pump control lever etc. But it differs from other brands of hot bulb engines in that the governor mechanism is housed on top of the engine cylinder block in its own housing, being chain driven from the crankshaft instead of being in and around the crank shaft with the fuel pump cam actually mounted on the crank itself as with most other makes ie Lanz and SFV. Right at the front is the cast radiator cap; interestingly
Injection pump on the L25 with control lever and fuel change over tap on display and below that the cylinder lubrication pipes.
another 'deviation from the norm' is the position of the radiator in that it faces forward as opposed to the usual sideways mount with the fan being belt driven from the flywheel. In this case the fan is driven by a shaft emerging from the governor housing which is situated conveniently just behind the radiator. The electrics seem to be another modification along the way, the battery is mounted just in front of the drivers left knee with the dynamo for charging purposes below being driven from a v-belt from the left-hand side flywheel carrying its regulator strapped on its back as often seen on the continent. In the UK we tend to mount the regulator up under the dash panel away from the weather, vibration and dirt.
Starting the L25 with blowlamp.
Once on the road the first noticeable thing is the sharpness of the clutch, it's either in or out with very little in between. All the usual features you would expect for a mid 1950s tractor are there, independent brakes, differential lock and standard PTO shaft. Although I feel this was probably not available on earlier tractors as it seems to be an afterthought mounted along the side of the gearbox and controlled from a lever on a housing bolted to the front end of the gearbox containing the shaft drive.
Catching the driver's eye is a prominent sign in capital letters warning not to take tight turns and not to use the independent brakes while in fourth gear. This is possibly due to the high centre of gravity of the machine combined with the diminutive dimensions leading to an overturned tractor; of course this sign is in Italian with all Landini tractors of this period being built in the town of Fabbrico in the Emilia-Romagna region in northern Italy.
After the run people were pointing at me saying 'Landini' and laughing, I thought that they had been told that an Englishman was driving this tractor and perhaps they had heard the one or two gashed gear changes along the way. Later on looking in the mirror in the "gents" I could see what the laughter
Landini Hot bulb Models
Model Velite Super L25 L35 L45 L55
The fuel and lubricant fillers are clearly labelled.
The PTO shaft on the driver's left-hand side.
was all about, my face was speckled with black sooty oil spots from the vertical exhaust pipe, this apparently is 'part & parcel' of driving a Landini and the uninitiated are never told before hand just in case it puts them off!
For someone that wanted a hot bulb tractor for their collection and wanted something different and not too weighty as some of the larger examples are, the Landini L25 would be a good choice with it only tipping the scales at 1600kg or so and bags of Italian style and charm, just remember the oily smuts and you won't go far wrong.B
Horse Power 25-30 hp 40-48 hp 25-30 hp 35-40 hp 45-50 hp 55-60 hp years built 1935-1954 1934-1954 1950-1959 1953-1960 1950-1964 1954-1962
Engine cap (cc) 7222 12,208 4312 7222 9503 11,309
Letter of the month
Letter of the month
@ Daviot Display
@ Daviot Display
EACH month Tractor magazine selects the writer of our letter of the month to receive a prize.
This month's giveaway is a copy of the book STARKS' Harvesters by Robert S White; the author's memoirs of his incredible five years as a member of the harvesting crew on the 2000-mile North American grain harvest, led by Dale Starks, star of the 1976 BBC documentary Yellow Trail from Texas.
It is a vivid account of the endless hours of work, unpredictable food, weather, truck wrecks, rattlesnakes and tornados as Rob and his friend combined the length and breadth of the American wheat belt - and of the characters met and friendships forged along the way.
Starks' Harvesters can be obtained from Old Pond Publishing in paperback, priced at £9.95. ISBN: 978-1-906853-46-4.
AFTER reading your article on page 97 (January issue) about the Daviot Display where you were unable to get any pictures of the F8-63. I didn't know if these pictures of my combine working would be of any interest to your readers, they were taken when we were cutting winter barley.
Richaid Dunning, email.
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? FEED THE SHEEP \A]ILL^V . VOU LAD AND DON'T i fiOKGET TÖ 6REAKTHE ICC ON "THE R2NO, l'\iET TjRNED THE" WATTER OFF AT Tri € lßOlx;H TO THE PiftS 8E/MC, f&SZENjj wouldn't it be: 6esr, just N
TB BRING -fiHE/A IN! UWDEßOWER 6efofs£ tret start lahabl n&(y idea lad, 6te to it ^ ibvjlll-yoüi and twtmlssos Ä^AtfEOFF SHOPPING iNTtiVJN^
Spotlight on spud farming
A NEW DVD from Old Pond Publishing, The Potato Files, is dedicated to the clever machines developed to plant, tend and harvest potatoes, both past and present.
Using a combination of archive footage and current filming and ranging from the Ferguson spinner to the Ploeger self-propelled tanker harvester, the DVD records a revolution in potato production. Starting with manure spreading, ploughing and preparing the soil, Stephen Richmond and Jonathan Whitlam look at traditional systems as well as minimum tillage.
The section on planting runs from hand planting in the 1950s to modern machinery; and the irrigation systems covered range from pipes and sprinklers to today's hose reels.
Harvesting is covered in detail featuring the monster 400-500hp self-
propelled 4-row machines; and there is a section on potato handling as well as grading and storing. GA
The Potato Files DVD runs for approx 100 minutes and costs £15.95 (If ordering direct please add £2 for postage) from Old Pond Publishing, Dencora Business Centre, 36 White House Road, Ipswich IPI 5LT; email: [email protected]; website: www.oldpond.com.
THE 5th Diseworth Working Weekend, known for its range of machinery at work, was held in September - and you can relive all the sights and sounds with the latest DVD from Tractor Barn Productions.
The 5th Diseworth Working Weekend Ploughs and Combines shows all the action from examples of the popular Ferguson TE-20, some Standard Fordsons, Roadless tractor conversions and a Caterpillar crawler; also combine harvesters from Massey Ferguson, Volvo and Allis-Chalmers; plus two brand new Claas Lexion 600 Terra-Trac machines, which are among the largest combines in the world.
The DVD also includes features from 'Grandad's harvest' including horse ploughing and steam threshing; and the Kegworth Ploughing Match held during the weekend. GA
The DVD is approx 80 minutes and is priced £13.95 (If ordering direct please add £2 for postage) from Old Pond Publishing Ltd, Dencora Business Centre, 36 White House Road, Ipswich IPI 5LT, email: [email protected]; website: www.oldpond.com.
THIS DVD tells the story through archive film of the factory in Coventry that first built Ferguson tractors on 6 July 1946 for Harry Ferguson and then Massey Fergusons.
The TE-20 was built by the Standard Motor Company for Harry Ferguson, as Fords were not interested in building it at Dagenham. The engine assembly line for the Standard engine is a veritable hive of industry, with output having to be ramped up to meet the phenomenal demand for the TE-20, which soon became the best-selling tractor in the UK - it also did well in the USA until the Detroit factory was built. Following the merger of Massey Harris and Ferguson in 1953, Grey & Gold FE 35 production started in 1956 with its name changing then to the Red and Grey MF 35, with the diesel-only MF 65 following. MF purchased the Banner Lane plant from Standard in 1958 having already bought Perkins Engines.
The launch of the DX 100 Red Giants Series at the 1964 Smithfield Show is covered, and the tower block arrived in 1965. The launch of the 500 Series with its cab caused problems not previously seen, with the need for individual noise testing of each tractor to ensure the maximum permitted noise level wasn't exceeded. 100 Series production ended in 1979 after 1,098,025 tractors had been produced, with the 200 Series following.
The early 1980s saw the start of less happy times, with the global recession leading to short time working and strikes, but production in 1981
of the 2,500,000th tractor gave a fillip. There are plenty of pieces of film of tractors working, in addition to assembly line footage which shows how mechanisation increased in the factory compared to the TE-20 days.
In 1994 AGCO bought MF and production levels went well, with 50 years of tractor making celebrated at Banner Lane in 1996 with the three-millionth tractor also being made.
The end of the millennium saw a change in market trends with a demand for larger tractors but the 4200 range was fighting against difficult exchange rates and lack of investment compared to the Beauvais plant in France. Although 90 per cent of output was exported, the Government did nothing to help with investment at Banner Lane, compared to the French help at Beauvais, and clearly here was a lot of bitterness at this. Less than a year's notice was given that the factory would close, the grief on the faces and in the voices of the ex-employees being interviewed is palpable, a stark contrast to the happy times of the Ferguson days and the TE-20.
The last tractor, the 3,307,996th made at Banner Lane, a 4354, came off the line on Christmas Eve 2002, the end of an era, the last section of this DVD is very sad, a reminder that we were once a great manufacturing nation. DB The Last Tractor, The History of Banner Lane running time 93 minutes, £16.99 from Second Sight Productions, 01621 817114 www.secondsightproductions.co.uk
Seventy Years of Farm Machinery
A COMPREHENSIVE book charting 70 years of farm machinery from 1930-2000 during a time of huge technological transformation is the second of two companion volumes.
Seventy Years of Farm Machinery Part Two: Harvest, follows Part One: Seed Time which was published in 2009.
Both compiled by veteran author Brian Bell, this latest book starts with the development of binders and threshers and the combine harvester through the many changes in combine technology, and includes associated equipment such as pea and bean harvesters, taking a detailed look at balers before moving on to the wide range of machinery for hay and silage.
There are major sections dealing with the sugar beet and potato harvest and under Estate Management is some of the equipment used for hedging and ditching, sawing, lifting and carrying. GA
Seventy Years of Farm Machinery Part Two: Harvest has 300 photographs and illustrations, many in colour, and is published by Old Pond Publishing in hardback, priced £24.95. (Parts One and Two will also be available together at the special offer price of £39.95).
To order direct contact Old Pond Publishing on 01473 238200 or go to www.oldpond.com.
PLEASE find attached a photo of my John Deere 7020 at The Newark Vintage Tractor and Heritage Show.
As this was only acquired in August this year, I wondered if you could answer two questions for me. Do you know of any other (if so how many?) 7020s in the UK?
All the information in various tractor books says 16 gears, but I can only find 8. Thanking you in anticipation.
SM Dixon, email
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